Saturday, January 14, 2017


I think its' s about time we did a collective sorry to our GP colleagues. I am tired, annoyed, angry and simply aghast at how many roads now end up at a GPs doorstep as the "reason".
I am a Consultant- and no one in my family is a GP- and I have no vested interest so lets be crystal clear- we really need to stand together as a community and more importantly, stand next to our GP colleagues. And to be honest, this is no political parties singular fault- we all are partly responsible for where we stand now. Those barbed comments about GPs, those ward chats about "GP, eh, as a specialty?", those "Huh, they deal wth coughs and colds"….at some point, it was inevitable it would cascade down to policymakers- and we have finally got there.

And I must admit, I have been in that brigade too- when does a joke stop being a joke? The last 6 years of my career has been eye-opening as regards learning what GPs do, recalibrating the understanding of the complexity they deal with- and if we as colleagues cant get past the thin layer of disdain we "specialists" do, then what chance politicians or others who don't deal with GPs day in, day out? I can actually sense the fight draining out of GPs, I hear good colleagues saying "I am done"…and this is not right. As a fellow clinician to another clinician, if it makes any difference to you, then as  Consultant, I will be categorical- there are many things we could all do better but the present NHS crisis is not down to GPs. And I am sorry it has come to this.

In 2010/2011, I ran the emergency stream in Portsmouth- and the target we achieved locally was 97.4%. Just 5 years ago. Since then we have poured resources into more and more staff, focussed relentlessly on emergency care- while the target has gone the other way- no lack of effort, no lack of process- while external after external folks have come around and tinkered with marginals- never stood up and tackled the one area which would make the biggest difference- social care funding. We have good managers, good clinicians- for whom the sole existence has become about sending someone home- or just knowing whether they can be outlied to some distant ward…we have to step back and think what exactly have we done to ourselves? This is NOT why I went to medical school- I don't want to know how many discharges I made in the 1st 2 hours of my ward round- I want to know whether the patient I discharged was safely done and didn't come back within 24-48 hours.

Process gurus may not agree with me- but frankly I don't care- because the only person in front of the family or indeed the GMC for a wrongful discharge will be me and my team- no one else. Whatever be the reason, whether it be families, structures, support, ageing population etc etc….this country needs more social care funding. Without that, this system is bust- to deny that is a bid to join the Trump administration to be perfectly honest

However possible, whether it be cross party agreement or whatever be the case, politicians of all colours, get your act together please.. the NHS boss, Simon Stevens- has come out and said so publicly- listen to what he is saying. And get social care funding sorted

In the meanwhile, to a GP colleague- wherever you are, a virtual hug, coffee or beer…for what its worth- thank you for all the work you do. 

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Compromising costs

The concept of compromising fascinates me. Totally. Especially in the realm of leadership roles. Many a leadership course/document will ask to you about consensus, the need to find the middle ground…the broader question always has been what ends up getting compromised in the end? Especially if one takes the example of health- who actually gets compromised? The management? The clinicians? Or is it the third party- about whom the debate rages- the patients? The ability to find the middle ground is always an art- but its always a fascinating thing to wonder-who actually gets compromised?

Lets take an example- lets say general medicine and the perennial debate as to "who does it?" I have and will always maintain that the wedge of fraction was sowed in medicine when someone somewhere decided to give one specialty the privilege of being that extra bit special- whether it be cardiology or anyone else. So we have now come a predictable full circle where the bulk of general medicine is the hot potato…who does it? Can we get all back- so the debate rages on…net outcome when we enter the arena of compromise is that we end up getting something half-baked where everyone gets something but somebody somewhere suffers. Some clever Cardiologist once told me "We have too many cardiac issues to resolve"- the compromise being that the others would have to absorb the extra work..the cost? The diabetes or respiratory patients whose outpatient attendances dwindle, community work suffers…we compromised, we went for a middle ground- somebody, somewhere in the health system suffered as a consequence of that.

How does leadership in health square with compromise? Is a rigid style one to follow? Is ones steadfast belief the way ahead? Well, look how that panned out regards 7 day services. A starting point where perhaps compromise could have opened up the gates to a wider debate- has now descended into utter farce. An uncompromising bullish style has resulted in even trained healthcare professionals wondering whether actually anything needs to change on a weekday. On this occasion, the suffering of the professionals and the resultant angst made no patient safer- so who actually lost or won with that style either?

For what its worth, perhaps it boils down to winning the hearts and minds- because beyond all the aggro, all the posturing, I still believe, in the most, doctors will respond to needs of patient care. There is perhaps a reason why mortality doesn't vary on weekends…to me, its perhaps down to the near super-human extra effort put in by the many clinicians battling with different staff ratios-compared to a weekday. That's good will- and no science or research can factor that in their calculations. If we want to improve anything or change a system- whether that be in hospital or specialists working in community, its about the message- and the NHS seems to have lost it in a swirl of money and politics. 

3 things are pretty important in any discussion about change- the ability to convince that it will genuinely help patients, the ability to assure remuneration of pay and the relevance of work-life balance. The junior doctor issue failed us on all 3 issues- and we are where we are. If you want to learn anything from that in an era when "woking differently" is the buzz-word- have a think how you hit the 3 points made…it may help to avoid a compromise. Compromises tend to work well for the players involved- except for the ones whose care is being debated- and that, ladies and gentlemen, isn't why we do what we do.

Just some food for thought (and some personal mulling!) for when we get back to work in the new Year. 
Want to change care? Compromise isn't necessarily the way…because compromise costs. At the end, it always does for someone, somewhere...

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

A Year to remember


Year of the Apocalypse if you followed the media. Its difficult to shake that notion admittedly- even past the usual clickbait hyperbole of social media- what with so many stunning events- or perhaps some just didn't fit the narrative of our own. Brexit or the Trump victory- lest we forget made 2016 the high point of some folks lives- whether we individually agreed or not…but it was perhaps undeniable how the world just became a little less tolerant of anything that devoted from our individual perspectives. There were no more good guys or bad guys…this was like an old school western where everyone bore their cross, everyone had their shades of grey.

Personally, the lowest point seemed to be Allepo where driven by politics and a general impotence, the world saw lives shattered and shared their indignation in 140 characters- yet seemed powerless to do anything. We all got numbed by the latest child bleeding- and somehow it all became just another headline…that was perhaps a nadir of 2016..again, perhaps put more into focus than past events such as Darfur due to the white hot gaze of social media and 24 hour news cycles.

But you know what? professionally…its been actually a pretty good year. The NHS continued to  struggle inevitably- but more of that later. To look at the positives, the beginning of the new year brough many together to create a Type 1 care pathway- we are now a whisker away from publishing it- and the seeds were indeed sown that day. Further on, we had the TAD event, we had a comic book published, locally, the 5 year data came out as regards the Super 6 model of care- and of course, the new role of joining the Diabetes team at NHS England. The crowning bit was finally getting the transformation funds to be released- throw in the advanced discussions regards digital initiatives around education, plans in place regards access to technology for Type 1 diabetes, opening up communications regards dietary interventions for Type 2 diabetes….its not been that bad a year. In between the absolute mayhem going on, diabetes- has actually had a good year- and believe me, theres a few more up our sleeve. Keep an eye out for 2017.

But what about the wider NHS? Well- about 18 months ago, I joined an eclectic bunch of folks to develop NHS Survival- its call? A cross party commission to look at NHS funding. Life is all about timing- now we see that idea gather some steam- the billion dollar question has to be- is it a bit late now? Or not? I don't know the answer to that- but I d know this…without social care funding, the system is broke. I love all the energy and drive about process but when nearly all of the country is now failing the 4 hour target, its no longer the process. Its simply the system. In 2017, I see it worsening- and when the system starts judging your effectiveness on how many discharges you can get -rather than quality…we all know, deep in our hearts, its not the process anymore.

What hurt me most? The whole junior doctor saga. What should have been an honest debate about 7 day provision, descended into utter farce as the system locked horns with one of the most dedicated bunch of people working in healthcare. Many health journalists or indeed those with chips on their shoulders regards doctors enjoyed the skirmish- at the end of it all, no one won. We stayed where we were with 7 day services- we just lost a lot of good will in the process. Who repairs that is something we all debate…my view is simple- it has to be those who will continue to be part of the system- they are the senior clinicians. Many move on- we are here to stay- we must nurture our own generation next.

So- to 2017. To those living with diabetes, I promise to keep trying. I will make mistakes, I won't get everything right- but I will try-whether I stay on in this NHSE role- or not. Wider, we are into tough times, big decisions will be forced and life will feel tough, angry, bitter from time to time. Everyone will fight it in their own way- but as a clinician, sometimes its just about doing the best for the person in front of you. Try to keep your wits about you- and maybe, just maybe, realise that there are no black and white characters in this storyboard. We all bear our own crosses.

And thats all we can try to do. I wish you all a beautiful 2017 x

Thursday, December 15, 2016


We are here…ladies & gentlemen. The diabetes transformation funds- to the tune of £ 40 million. And in the main, its generated good feedback, energy and enthusiasm amongst many- though appreciably its been laced with a dash of misinformation, a slice of cynicism and a generous portion of cautiousness. To be honest, I don't mind any of that- and frankly, would be odd if there wasn't. We live in austere times- times when -depending on where you work- coming to work is a struggle. Constructive criticism of plans is always welcome and indeed should be. To beat the era of post-truth, we need healthy debate- and whatever strategy the diabetes team in NHS England has come up with- we are open to listening-as long as it doesn't descend into a swirl of simple negativity or even abuse.

So to where we are- 4 strands for money- each with a very singular focus:

Strand 1- about improving safety within hospitals- enough evidence to suggest too many errors - causing harm- we must try to change that. Enough talking, enough data collection, its now about the intervention. If YOU as a CCG feel you need to improve this, here's your chance
Strand 2 - about improving amputation rates.
Strand 3 - about improving structured education- Type 1 and Type 2
Strand 4- improving variation- this, to me, is a key area. What ideas do YOU have to improve this? is it about better access to specialists? Is it about different model of care? Is it about the right medications? Is it about the IT system or is it about the education? If you think the X needs investment, here is your opportunity!
Many talk about "evidence-base"- well, look at the National Diabetes Audit- and then let me know if investment in these areas lack the evidence, or not.

Now to the flip side- lets be honest- will this solve the problems? Not by a million miles- but can it help kickstart some stagnant processes? Absolutely. However, this should not mean such initiatives need to be greeted with negativity- as said before, constructive criticism is fundamentally different from the all corrosive negativity.

Here are some quick answers to the naysayers:

"Only 40 million?" - Well, I agree- it would be fab to have more- but in an environment when many, many other areas could do with even a fraction of that? Its a definite positive. We dance around junior doctors & "timely discharge summaries" when in our heart of hearts, we know, without social funding, its tinkering at its finest.

"Not enough time to fill out form" - Yes, its a tight timeline but at the same time, they also do focus the mine perhaps. If your CCG is swamped, then as a specialists or a GP lead, help them out. Also, you would have thought some plans would already be there- surely, if diabetes care is not good where you are, there are some plans which were simply waiting for an "investment"?

"Will we get the money?" - a critical question- and we would like to keep a close eye on this too. This money is NOT to fill out a CCG bottomline- categorically-its to improve diabetes care. More to come on that one!

"Its over 2 years, right?" - No-its 40 million- each year- check the Operating Framework Guidance. If  CCG say otherwise, we are happy to clarify

"What's the point?" - What shall I say? If you are someone who believes in improving diabetes care, then that question should not emerge. If you are someone in a position to improve it- and have that question, perhaps step down and ask someone who has the belief…there's always the point- its always worth the try.

Finally, to all- its a bidding process- so not everyone will get the money- and yes, there is the risk, some areas will be better than others.

To all commissioners, if not sure, ask your local teams, ask patients, come with plans to stand the best chance. To 1 care, it may not be anything to you in the bigger scale, but it could be too- without you involved, no model of care works- help your CCGs out if you can.

And specialists- this is where you have to pick up the gauntlet. THIS is why we do what we do- we are supposed to be the folks speaking for the patients we look after…step up to the plate, ladies & gentlemen- for this particular crossroad, forget the differences with your CCGs, the battles- and go try to see if you can help. Standing back helps no one, If we want to use this money well, we must- and I insist, we must, lead on this one.

Any questions, ask. But tips n the meanwhile? Be innovative, think broad, think across "Trusts", find allies- and I wish you all the best for the process. The bids will have to come via the STPs- but the CCGs will be the ones to help form them. Think broad, could it be the Trusts? Could it be the "Alliances"? Could they- hold on to my horses- work together to bid?

There are a few other things we have hopefully coming across in 2017 from the digital side of things…in the interim?  Will everything work? No. Nothing does. But is there enough to change where things stand at the moment regards diabetes care? Yes-absolutely

I have heard one thing continuously…"if only diabetes care had some money"….? I will give you my alone will solve nothing. It will be the will to work together...and the money undoubtedly helps to kickstart the process. Diabetes- for ever- have asked for some transformation funds. We have now got the opportunity...go on...pick up that gauntlet.

Lets give this a go.

Sunday, December 11, 2016


"Love the comic book for Type 1 diabetes…very inspiring. Plus the Super six model…great news on that too"- she said.
The ego felt a tad more inflated. "Thank you-nothing special- anyone can do that"- I said with a grin and a tinge of early morning self-grandiose false modesty. "But…" her voice trailed off…"but its pretty impossible for anyone, isn't it? Look at what you have never fail..pretty special- but don't think that's for anyone"

A bit more small talk- and she walked away from the corridor conversation. A junior doctor on the wards- full of beans, full of ideology….but those words made me think.
"You never fail"
Really? Me? Never fail? As I look back, the career has been laced with failures- perhaps we as leaders never talk about them. Perhaps we just are to afraid to fail, too shy to admit defeat. It certainly made me think…is that a self created perception? The "hero" who never fails? The one with the Midas touch?

So todays blog is about failures- or at least a few of them- and I will try to be as honest as possible…why? Because each one of them hurt, And it hurt a lot.

Lets rewind back to 2002. Had finished a Locum post in Bournemouth, and reasonably confident in getting a training number in the Wessex region. Along with me were 2 other locums that day. I interviewed well- or so I thought. No dice. Everyone got a post- except me. Effectively I was the worst. 2 posts- 3 candidates. Didn't get it. And boy.. it hurt. That was a proper crossroad of my career…a whisker away from giving up diabetes as a career- even filled in a radiology application. Haunted by comments about "perhaps you should go back to the Midlands"- I was close to even considering packing my bags and going back to India. But then I met Iain Cranston- my first foray into Portsmouth..the rest? History.

A quick jump forward to 2005. A research post in a prestigious institution. Knew the ones who interviewed me, had worked there. 2 applicants-1 post. No dice again. That stung too- feedback suggested I didn't have enough leadership skills. Again, Portsmouth came to the rescue…a research post, 3 years later, an MD….failure had just simply opened up another door.

A few years later…riding high on a crest. Youngest CD in hospital. New model of care in place. Surely a shoo-in for the Chief of Medicine job? Blogs were written in hope- and then about the subsequent drop from the dizzy heights of success. Look it up- you will see the hope- and then the crash.
That taught me a lot of things- the power of politics, who your friends were, how dynamics worked…it also taught me that you never take anything for granted. That also opened up the subsequent chances of working with a CCG, working as a clinical manager with a community provider- and of course, now the national role. Unlikely I would have been able to do any of those. One failure? Doors to other arenas

I could go on and on. The grant application rejections, the rejection by Diabetes UK as regards their Professional Council, failing in a Discharge Co-ordinator role -getting sucked into a mesh of politics….career is littered with them. To those who read my blogs, I absolutely will not ask you to take away that my career has been laced only with success- on the contrary- the lows have been more than the highs.

So there you go. People remember your success. they remember the good times, the awards, the accolades…people see the Super Six model of care success, they did not see the sense of insult, rage, burning of soul when in public a manager asks you to leave a room as you tried to force the issue of patient safety & 7 day services in diabetes care.  Its the totality which makes you who you are.

So to anyone who reads this?

My name is Partha Kar. I am one of the pioneers of the Super six Model, I am an innovator who is part of many successful initiatives. I also have failed many many times. I am also never ashamed of them. The key lies in learning from them- and trying again. See what other opportunities open. Don't be afraid to fail- its only part of a fantastic journey.

Thats what makes it all worthwhile. And anytime you feel down about failing? Come and have a chat- I have been an old hand at failing.

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Thank you Bracknell

I must say I have really enjoyed the varied directions my career has taken over the years. Tried my hand at a fair few things- some have worked, some haven't- but all, bar none, have been an amazing learning curve..learning about politics, the different rules/regulations, the twists & turns- as well as understanding the issues from different perspectives.

None of them have been fryitless- whether engaging with the CQC, being on the General Advisory Council of the Kings Fund...but it was with a particular interest, about 18 months ago, I had taken up the offer of becming the secondary care advisor to Bracknell & AAscott CCG. One primary reason was to understand why CCGs couldn't or wouldn't do X, Y or Z. Was it just filled with nefarious folks who wanted people to suffer, didnt understand what pressures the system was going through- or just folks doing a tough job with multiple constraints of finance & politics hampering them?

And you know what? Its been an absolute blast- perhaps I haven't been able to contribute as much as I would have liked- but its been such a rich, fantastic learning experience. A particualr thank you to Karen Maskell for asking me to join- and I must say its been worth it- the richness of experience gained completed the whole set of working for an acute provider, community provider as well as a CCG. I met some amazing people on the board- folks who were passionate, committed and tried darned hard to make a difference to the local people. I sat and observed the passion, the drive as well as the calming influence of few- all driven by a measure to improve things.
Whether it be Jackie, Sarah, Martin, Sally, Lynn,Nigel or indeed the amazingly baritoned William has been nothing short of a learning experience and a privilege to know you all.

So- a thank you to all on the board- and finally its time for me to move on. Present commitments dont allow me to carry on- and its right someone else gets the opporuntiy to help the CCG - someone with more time than me. Its been a joy and I wish you all the best for the future- with no doubt that in you all, the local populace have good people at the helm. To the many who havent had the benefit of working in or with a CCG, try it- or at the least, try to get to know the folks doing the job. Views such as GPs on the board don't care or finance guys are all about the money...those myths will clear very sharpish. On the contrary, I suspect we must thank them for having the gumption to step up to the plate and try in very challenging times.

Thank you folks- its been a blast x

Sunday, November 27, 2016

Heart of hearts

I don't know how many of you do ward rounds but I swear you should. Just for the heck of it. Just to experience what Bill Murray went through in Ground Hog Day. Beyond my niched world of diabetes, I do what is colloquially called "Unselected work". In simple definition, its known as seeing anyone who comes to the ward- none of the "No Sir, its not quite the level of heart failure needing Cardiology opinion"..nor the "Ooh, old but not quite old-as it doesn't fit the latest criteria". Nope- anyone- heck, even the fractures. I jest of course but you get the drift..its all a world of specialism while we dance around on egg shells trying to fit round pegs into square holes.

Then there is the fascination of this ethereal thing called 4 hour target. How in the blinking blue hell is a target for which the acute Trust only is liable when the problem is with the system of ANY use…beats me- but hey, what would I know? Evidently its a marker of system pressure- well if thats the case, then open the newspapers- plenty of indicators there- don't need a target to drive everyone up the wall when no one in their right mind actually believes this is achievable without adequate social care.

When discharge targets and achievements take precedence over all else, the world of healthcare has taken a turn into another arena where teaching, healing, pastoral roles- are all footnotes of history. An assumption that professionals keep patients back on hospital beds, or refer them just for the lark drives us into unknown realms of mutual mistrust and finger pointing. The facts never bear out- its all about anecdotes, its all about that stray incident. Sensible plans would be to focus on the biggest area which could unblock the log jam (yet to understand why everything in hospital is so focussed on toilet analogies!) but nope, its about the small things. Someone obviously took the tagline of ASDA a bit too seriously (Every little bit helps)..the amount of time we theorise what quicker discharge summaries would do…and we wonder why our junior doctor colleagues wonder what exactly their role is on ward rounds anymore.

I said this about 3 years ago- and I will say this again. The 4 hour target is irreparable- its no longer about the process-its now about capacity. We can spend as much time as we wish blaming each other (ah if only we all did GIM / ah if only we had more radiology scans / ah if only patients didn't turn up) they are all- bar none- tinkering with the small margins. Every little bit helps- but when you are rejoicing at scoring one, but already eight down, even the most optimistic Liverpool supporters from Istanbul will tell you- there is a limit to ones dreams. At some point, they roll into fantasy.

In the middle of all this, I admire the dedication of all those who do this day in, day out- whether they be nurses, physios or there "flow"-managers…I have no idea how you do it- and keep sanity. What I would ask however is perhaps all to realise that there really isn't anyone who's working less than you. When a radiologist says 'don't send unnecessary requests"- I can promise you- I don't. I do so when its needed. I don't get paid more for an extra scan, neither do I like to irradiate people just because I like the Incredible Hulk storyline.

The system needs to understand mutual shots do so little- and if you haven't done someone else's job, you really have absolutely no right to criticise another, Junior doctors do jobs nowadays I would simply hate to do- ticking boxes has never been my thing, you see. 

By all means, rail against the system, rail against the lack of social care which is buckling hospitals, the lack of community beds, the lack of adequate primary care provision….but go easy on each other. The 4 hour target is a relic from an age- which doesn't exist anymore. Maybe its time for one across the system- I don't know what it is- but this much I do know, without social care funding, the emergency stream is all about how pretty you can make your powerpoint slides. 

In your heart of hearts, you know that too. Don't you?